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Earthen Check Dam- Farsara

Under the project Integrated Rural Development Program, food security program is being conducted in 30 villages of the project area for which emphasis has been given on agricultural development in the area. To provide irrigation facilities to farmers earthen check dams have been constructed in the area and case study of three earthen check dams are as follows:

Village Name Farsara
Village Panchayat Dabnai
Block Mainpur
District Raipur
Number of families 20 families
Total agriculture land of the village 58 acres
Benefited families from this earthen check dam 15
Irrigated land area 18 acres
Influenced area 19.5 acres
Previous production 63 quintals
Present production 74.35 quintals

The village Farsara is one of the villages in Mainpur Block of Raipur District. It is 13 k.m. away from block head quarter. This village is situated near Pairy River and surrounded by thick forest. Agriculture and collection of forest produces are main occupation of the people. People are engaged six month in agriculture and rest period of the year they collect forest products and sell in the local market for their livelihood. PRERAK organization started its intervention in this village for agriculture development.

The organization has formed Village Development Committee in the village in which there are 12 members. After discussing with VDC members about various village problems it is decided to construct an earthen check dam in the village for irrigation facilities to the farmers. There were no any irrigation facilities in the village before and farmers have to depend on rain water only.

After earthen check dam is constructed there found reduction in soil erosion and conservation of water. Now water is available for irrigation purpose for 18 acres of land in the village. Farmers have succeeded to one month food security for their families. By the construction of this dam so many acres of lands have been protected from the direct flow of water which caused erosion before.